CBD (Cannabidiol) oil is derived from hemp. Many people confuse hemp with cannabis, but hemp is a very different plant. Marijuana and hemp may reveal the same scientific name, Cannabis sativa, but they are not the same.
Marijuana is grown primarily for its psychoactive cannabinoid, the chemical compound called tetrahydrocannabinol or even THC, for recreational and therapeutic use. Marijuana contains both THC and CBD.
Hemp contains only a trace of THC, less than zero. 3% compared to marijuana’s hefty 5-35%. The main cannabinoid in hemp will be CBD, but there are over one hundred other cannabinoids in hemp, along with compounds that produce tastes and scents called terpenes (e. gary the gadget guy. citrusy smell of oranges, distinctive aroma of pine trees, or even sweet flower smell of lavender).
For thousands of years, hemp has been cultivated intended for food, clothing, fiber, and gas. It is one of the world’s oldest domesticated crops. In the early days, hemp was obviously a vital crop in the U. H. During the 1700s, colonial farmers grew hemp mainly for its strong dietary fiber.
However , hemp production came to the screeching halt when the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 was approved. Mainstream attitudes towards cannabis began to sway greatly towards the negative. Hemp became the “evil weed” because it shares the same species as marijuana even though it does not contain marijuana’s plentiful THC.
Over the years, many have believed that the real reason for the anti-cannabis campaign boiled down to the worry that hemp could become a low-cost replacement for paper pulp. American industrialist William Randolph Hearst and the DuPont family had major investments in the timber and newspaper industries. They started a smear campaign to eliminate the lucrative hemp market for fear that the rise of hemp would undercut their profits. Even so, years later, it became identified that hemp does not contain a higher enough concentration of cellulose to become an effective paper substitute.
Eighty long years later, hemp finally obtained its legal status in the U. S. after the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill. Hemp, defined as marijuana with less than 0. 3% THC, is removed from Schedule I controlled substances. Hemp-derived products are lawful as long as they come from licensed hemp growers. More and more universities and private hospitals have begun to study it. Americans can now use CBD legally. It could be ordered online and shipped to all 50 states.
Marijuana laws are also altering at a rapid pace across America. Even though it is still illegal on the federal government level, many states have legalized marijuana. For the remaining states, several have allowed it for clinical use and some recreational use.
The Human Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
Cannabinoids made by our own bodies are called endocannabinoids (the prefix “endo” means within). In the 1990s, researchers made an amazing discovery that the ECS plays a major role in our overall health.
The ECS maintains constant communication with every single organ system in the body.
This conversation involves messenger molecules called endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors on each cell that accepts them. Consider it a “key and lock” program. The receptors are locks as well as the endocannabinoids are keys that hole to these receptors and unlock them.
There are two main types of receptors within the ECS – cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2).
Researchers found more than 1, 000 receptors in the body. CB1 receptors are located largely on nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, as well as the eye and retina. CB2 receptors are predominantly found in the immune system and in the organs and tissues, such as brain, spleen organ, blood cells, gastrointestinal, and urinary tracts.
The body produces two varieties of endocannabinoids – anandamide and 2-AG. These are transported into the cells through the CB1 and CB2 receptors. As we age, the body becomes less efficient in producing anandamide and 2-AG. The proper functioning of the ECS furthermore depends on the adequacy of omega-3 in the diet.
Many people have experienced the feel good feeling or “high” after strenuous exercise. The lifted mood comes from the release of endorphins. Researchers now understand that it is also from an increase in anandamide, which targets mainly the CB1 receptors and, to a lesser extent, the CB2 receptors.
The other endocannabinoid, 2-AG, transmits signals across the mind cells and activates both CB1 and CB2 receptors.
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2-AG supports brain health, immune health, in addition to insulin sensitivity.
Researchers have now discovered that both endocannabinoids, anandamide and 2-AG, have a considerable impact on a variety of features including appetite, energy and balance, immunity, memory, metabolism, nervous system, sleep, and stress response.